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Present Truth Articles Online


2 Peter 1:12

October 2002

Dear Readers,

“Grace unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.” (2 Thessalonians 1:2) As another year approaches it’s end, we know “that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed.” (Romans 13:11) Christ’s coming is very near. I pray that you will be ready to meet Him when He comes. “Prepare to meet thy God.” (Amos 4:12)

In this Issue

The Prophecies of Daniel Chapters 8 and 9

by Lynnford Beachy

Questions and Answers

by Lynnford Beachy

Letters from our Readers

Something for the Young at Heart

Fearfully and Wonderfully Made (Part 9)

by George McDaniel

2002 WV Camp Meeting Video Tapes




The Prophecies of Daniel
Chapters 8 and 9

by Lynnford Beachy

The conclusion of the lead article in the last issue of Present Truth left us with a challenge to understand the Day of Atonement in relation to Christ’s ministry as our High Priest. I believe the prophecies of Daniel chapters 8 and 9 provide us with valuable insights into this subject. I pray that you will be blessed as you study this article.

Daniel’s Vision

In the eighth chapter of Daniel is recorded a vision given to Daniel in which he beheld a ram, an he goat, and a little horn. We will examine this chapter, and while we are going through it we will take special notice of the Hebrew words Daniel chose to use in reference to his vision. Specifically, there are two different Hebrew words translated “vision” in chapters 8 and 9. Please note these Hebrew words, which will be in brackets immediately following the word “vision.”

The Babylonians who had taken Daniel, along with many others, captive to Babylon, had destroyed Jerusalem, along with the temple. While Daniel was in Babylon yearning to return home he wrote, “In the third year of the reign of King Belshazzar a vision [Hebrew: chazown—Strong’s #2377] appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first.” (Daniel 8:1) According to many historians this vision was given to Daniel in approximately 550 B.C. (For example, see Bedford’s Scripture Chronology, page 710, as quoted in John Gill’s Expositor on Daniel 8:1.) We will note the significance of this date a little later in the study.

The Ram

Daniel gives an account of his vision: “And I saw in a vision (chazown); and it came to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision (chazown), and I was by the river of Ulai. Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last. I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.” (Daniel 8:2-4) Daniel saw what he described as a “vision” (chazown).

In this vision, the first thing he saw was a ram with two horns. This ram is said to be great. There is no need for us to be in doubt as to the meaning of the symbolism here. The angel Gabriel explained this to Daniel. He said, “The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.” (Daniel 8:20) Daniel was shown that very soon the kings of Media and Persia would overthrow Babylon.

The He Goat

Daniel continues, “And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes. And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power. And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand. Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.” (Daniel 8:5-8) After Daniel beheld the great ram, he then saw an he goat that waxed very great.

Again, we can be sure what this he goat represented. Gabriel explained to Daniel, “And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king. Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.” (Daniel 8:21, 22) Daniel was shown that the next kingdom to come to power would be the kingdom of Greece, which would overthrow the kings of Media and Persia. This prophecy was fulfilled to the letter. The first king here referred to is Alexander the Great. With Alexander as the king of Greece the kingdom enjoyed its greatness. “Alexander was one of the greatest generals of all time, noted for his brilliance as a tactician and troop leader and for the rapidity with which he could traverse great expanses of territory.” (Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 2000—article, “Alexander the Great.”) After Alexander’s death the kingdom of Greece was divided into the hands of four of his generals. The kingdom weakened, never to regain its former power.

The Little Horn

Daniel continues his account of the vision, “And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.” (Daniel 8:9) Daniel saw a “little horn” coming out of one of the four “notable ones.” He says this little horn waxed exceeding great. Notice how Daniel describes each of these powers. The ram was great, the he goat was very great, and the little horn was exceeding great. Each one in succession was greater than the one before. Notice that the little horn could not possibly be referring to any of the succeeding kings of Greece, for none of them could be described as “exceeding great.” Alexander was called “very great,” and he was by far the greatest of the kings of Greece.

We must then look beyond the rulers of Greece for the fulfilling of this part of the prophecy. While Gabriel does not tell us exactly who the “little horn” is, he provides enough information to clearly identify the little horn. He said, “And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up. And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practice, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.” (Daniel 8:23, 24)

When it says, “in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full,” it is saying that the end of Grecian dominance was at hand, because their sins had come to their full. God used this expression in the Bible to signify the downfall of a kingdom. Notice what God says about the Amorites, “the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.” (Genesis 15:16) This little horn must arise at the end of the Grecian dominance.

Gabriel described the little horn as “a king of fierce countenance.” God used very similar words referring to this same power when He inspired Moses to write, “The LORD shall bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flieth; a nation whose tongue thou shalt not understand; A nation of fierce countenance, which shall not regard the person of the old, nor shew favour to the young: And he shall eat the fruit of thy cattle, and the fruit of thy land, until thou be destroyed: which also shall not leave thee either corn, wine, or oil, or the increase of thy kine, or flocks of thy sheep, until he have destroyed thee. And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fenced walls come down, wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land: and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.” (Deuteronomy 28:49-52)

This is a very accurate description of the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. when the walls were destroyed and the temple was cast down. The kingdom that destroyed Jerusalem at this time was none other than the Roman kingdom. This harmonizes perfectly with the other references to the little horn in the prophecies of Daniel. (See Daniel chapter 7.)

Daniel saw what was going to happen to the little horn. He wrote, “And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them. Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down. And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced, and prospered.” (Daniel 8:10-12) Gabriel commented on this, “And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.” (Daniel 8:25)

Daniel’s vision takes us all the way to the end of time, as we know it, when this little horn will be “broken without hand”; not by human power but by the coming of the Lord. Paul wrote that he shall be destroyed by “the brightness of [Christ’s] coming.” (2 Thessalonians 2:8) Of this power Daniel wrote, “I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame.” (Daniel 7:11)

The Little Horn Magnifies Himself

This little horn is said to magnify himself “even to the prince of the host,” who is also called the Prince of “the host of heaven.” The Prince of the host is Christ Himself who is said to be the “captain of the host of the Lord.” (Joshua 5:14)

Further, it says in verse 11 that this little horn takes away the “daily,” and casts down the place of his sanctuary. (The word “sacrifice” in the King James Version, is in italics to show that it has been supplied by the translators. This word should not be in the text.) Whose sanctuary is meant here? Obviously the sanctuary of the “prince of the host.” It also says that this little horn power will cast the truth to the ground. The work of this “little horn” is referred to as “the transgression of desolation” in the very next verse.

This prophecy could not possibly have reached its fulfillment during the reign of the he goat (Greece), for while Jesus was on earth He referred to that time as yet future when He said, “When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand).” (Matthew 24:15)

There is no doubt that the “little horn” spoken of here is referring to the Roman power. Since this vision takes us all the way to the second coming of Christ, this “little horn” must encompass not only the pagan Roman power but the papal Roman power as well.

When the verse says that the little horn takes away the daily and casts down the place of Christ’s sanctuary, this could not possibly be referring to the sanctuary on earth for Christ told us, just prior to His death, that it was yet future. Also, at the time of Christ’s death the daily sacrifices on earth became of no account and the earthly sanctuary could in no way be called His sanctuary. Further, the original Hebrew speaks nothing of sacrifices but merely says “daily,” literally meaning “continual.” Since the daily and the sanctuary are linked together here, it is reasonable to conclude that the daily has something to do with the sanctuary. Since the sanctuary on this earth cannot possibly be referred to here, it must have reference to the sanctuary in heaven where Christ is “A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.” (Hebrews 8:2) This little horn would seek to take away Christ’s continual work in the heavenly sanctuary. Has this been done? This will be discussed in more detail later in this article.

Daniel Chapter 11

Daniel chapter 11 is an account of Gabriel explaining these things in more detail than was given in chapter 8. Gabriel spoke of this same “little horn” power in this way, “And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.” (Daniel 11:31)

Gabriel goes on to say of the little horn, “And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done. Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.” (Daniel 11:36, 37)

This has evident reference to the papacy. Notice what one commentator had to say about this.

Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, &c. Of the apostles of Christ, from whom he pretends to descend, and whose successor he would be thought to be: …though he would be thought to be [Christ’s] vicar on earth; yet slights him, yea, opposes and acts contrary to him, in his offices of Prophet, Priest, and King, and therefore is rightly called antichrist:

nor the desire of women; or ‘wives’ …not desirous of having wives, or enjoying women in lawful marriage; but forbidding his priests to marry, as is notoriously a tenet of antichrist, and foretold by the apostle, in agreement to this prophecy, 1 Timothy 4:3, otherwise, none more lustful or desirous of women in an unlawful way than the Romish priests:

nor regard any god; either the true God, and his laws, or any god in a metaphorical sense, any king or potentate on earth; showing no respect to any authority, or to any laws, divine or human:

for he shall magnify himself above all; above all gods, real or nominal, as in 2 Thessalonians 2:4.” (John Gill’s Expositor on Daniel 11:37.)

Gabriel explained that this little horn power would not “regard the God of his fathers.” He goes on to say, “a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour… a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory.” (See Daniel 11:37-39) The Scriptures foretold that when the papacy arose to power it would reject the true God and honor a “strange god” in His place. Has this happened?

The Papacy Invents a False God

Prior to the papacy coming to full power she formulated a doctrine about God that was contrary to what Christ and His apostles taught. This “strange god” would come to be known as the Trinity. This doctrine was thrust upon the world with power. All those who rejected this “strange god” were threatened with persecution and even death. (For an in-depth study into the formulation of the Trinity doctrine, contact us and ask for the booklet entitled, The Formulation of the Doctrine of the Trinity.)

This new concept of God removed Christ as being the actual Son of God and distorted Christ’s work as our Mediator and High Priest. The Scriptures state, “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” (1 Timothy 2:5) The papacy says, “No, there is one God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. We need a mediator between God and us and if Christ is exactly equal with His Father we must also need a mediator between Christ and us.” Hence the papacy instituted Mary and dead saints as mediators between Christ and us.

As if that were not enough, the papacy then instituted her own priesthood to take the place of Christ ministering as our High Priest in heaven. In this way, the little horn successfully took away the daily and cast the place of Christ’s sanctuary and the truth to the ground, thus setting up the abomination of desolation.

The 2300 Days

Immediately following Daniel’s vision of the ram, the he goat, and the little horn, he “heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision (chazown) concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days [literally: evenings and mornings]; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.” (Daniel 8:13, 14)

The papacy set up the abomination of desolation through the invention of their “strange god,” the Trinity. By this doctrine they hid the truth about Christ being the Son of God, and hence our Mediator. They cast down the truth about Christ ministering in the heavenly sanctuary as our High Priest, thereby taking away the daily and casting the place of His sanctuary to the ground. Daniel heard one saint asking, “How long shall be the vision (chazown) concerning” these things? Or as it reads in a more literal translation, “Till when is the vision of the continual…” (Young’s Literal Translation.)

This saint wanted to know when these things would be over. Notice the saint was not asking how long from the beginning of the time when the daily would be taken away to the end of that time, but merely, until when would be the end of these things. Judging by the answer given, and looking elsewhere in Daniel, we can be sure that 2300 days were not given as the total length of time that the abomination of desolation would take place. We learn elsewhere that the total length of time of these things would be 1290 days (see Daniel 12:11), which is slightly more than half of the total 2300-day period. It is evident that the abomination of desolation, the taking away of the daily, and the casting down of the sanctuary does not last for the entire 2300-day period, but by the time the 2300-day period ends, the daily would be reinstated, the sanctuary would no longer be cast down, and the truth which the papacy cast down would be revealed to God’s people once again.

Since the papacy used their “strange god,” the Trinity, to accomplish the abomination of desolation, then by the time of the close of the 2300-day period there must be a message proclaimed revealing the truth about God, His Son, His sanctuary, and the continual ministry of Christ in the heavenly sanctuary. These are undeniable facts that must occur to fulfill this prophecy. When we come to an understanding of the 2300-day prophecy, if any of these things are left out, we cannot be correct, and we must look elsewhere for the fulfillment of the 2300 days.

The Literal View

Some people try to place the fulfillment of the 2300 days back during the time of the kings of Greece. They claim that Antiochus Epiphanes fulfilled this prophecy by forbidding the daily sacrifices of the earthly sanctuary for three-and-a-half years. Antiochus Epiphanes could not have fulfilled this prophecy for several reasons:

1) The little horn is said to be exceeding great, while the first Grecian king, Alexander the Great, was merely said to be very great, and there were no greater Grecian kings than the first. Therefore there was never a king in the Grecian empire who could fulfill this prophecy. Antiochus Epiphanes could not even be considered very great, let alone exceeding great.

2) Jesus, nearly 200 years after the Grecian kingdom’s fall, predicted this abomination of desolation as yet future.

3) The 2300 days are inseparably linked to the 70 weeks of Daniel 9, which could not possibly have been fulfilled by Antiochus Epiphanes. (We will examine the 70 weeks more thoroughly a bit later in this study.)

When one examines the commentaries that have been written on Daniel 8:14 he will come away astounded at the confusion that exists on these verses. Some say that the 2300 days were literal days, which make up a little less than six-and-a-half years and were fulfilled during the lifetime of Antiochus Epiphanes, nearly 200 years before Christ. Others claim that the 2300 days are actually 2300 years that end in 1966 A.D. Still others claim that it may have ended in 1820 or 1821 A.D. (For an example of the confusion present throughout the Protestant world on the meaning of the 2300 days, see the following commentaries on Daniel 8:14: Jamieson, Fausset, Brown Commentary, John Gill’s Expositor, 1599 Geneva Bible Footnotes, etc.)

Chazown or Mar’eh

At the beginning of this study we noted that we would examine the two Hebrew words Daniel used for “vision” in chapters 8 and 9. Here is where they become important. Daniel used the Hebrew word chazown every time thus far (up to verse 14) in his account of what he saw. Daniel continues, “And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision (chazown), and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance of a man. And I heard a man’s voice between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision (Hebrew: mar’eh—Strong’s #4758).” (Daniel 8:16)

Up until this point Daniel referred to his vision as a chazown. Now, someone (most likely Christ) commands Gabriel to “make this man to understand the vision (Hebrew: mar’eh). Why the sudden change? We will see shortly. Notice what happens next.

Daniel wrote, “So he [Gabriel] came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision (chazown).” (Daniel 8:17) This is very interesting. Gabriel was commanded to make Daniel understand the vision (mar’eh). But then Gabriel comes to Daniel and says, “Understand… the vision (chazown),” then he proceeds to explain to Daniel what each part of the vision means. We have already looked at Gabriel’s explanation of the ram, he goat, and little horn. When Gabriel comes to the end of the vision something happens. Right when it comes time for Gabriel to explain the 2300 days he stops short. All he says is, “And the vision (mar’eh) of the evening and the morning which was told is true.” And he goes on to say, “wherefore shut thou up the vision (chazown); for it shall be for many days.” (Daniel 8:26)

The next verse gives us a clue why Gabriel stopped short in his explanation. It says, “And I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king’s business; and I was astonished at the vision (mar’eh), but none understood it.” (Daniel 8:27) Daniel was not able to handle any more information at that time and Gabriel stopped short in his explanation. Gabriel had been commanded to make Daniel understand the vision (mar’eh), but all he was able to do before Daniel fainted was to explain the vision (chazown). Gabriel thoroughly explained the first part of the vision, which both Daniel and Gabriel referred to as the chazown, but he didn’t get to explain to Daniel the mar’eh, which Christ had commanded him to explain. Notice that in each case where the Hebrew word mar’eh was used it had direct reference to the 2300-day prophecy portion of the vision, and each time the Hebrew word chazown was used it had direct reference to the vision of the ram, he goat, and little horn.

Daniel is Left Astonished

Daniel testified that he was astonished at the mar’eh and none, including himself, understood it. This could not possibly be referring to the portion of the vision concerning the ram, he goat, and little horn, because Gabriel had explained the meaning of them. The only part of the vision that was left unexplained was the 2300-day portion of the vision, otherwise known as the mar’eh. By the time Gabriel left, Daniel still did not understand the mar’eh. This is a sad testimony for Gabriel because Gabriel had been specifically commanded to make Daniel understand the mar’eh.

Daniel was left to ponder these thoughts for approximately 12 years before Gabriel again communicated with Daniel on these matters. (See Bedford’s Scripture Chronology, page 710, as quoted in John Gill’s Expositor on Daniel 9:1.) In approximately 538 B.C. Gabriel again appeared to Daniel, of which he wrote, “In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans; In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes.” (Daniel 9:1-3)

Daniel was a student of the Scriptures. For 12 years his mind had been contemplating on what the time prophecy of 2300 days could mean. To make certain Daniel understood that the 2300 days were not literally 6 1/3 years, and did not begin at the time the vision was given, God had Gabriel wait until more than seven years had transpired to come to Daniel again. Now Daniel engaged himself in the study of another time prophecy, which was recorded in the book of Jeremiah. The next sixteen verses record the prayer Daniel offered to God. Then Daniel wrote, “And whiles I was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God; Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision (chazown) at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding. At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision (mar’eh).” (Daniel 9:20-23)

Gabriel Comes to Daniel Again

While Daniel is contemplating a time prophecy and praying, Gabriel came informing him that he was to give Daniel understanding. Gabriel had not yet accomplished what he had been commanded to do: to make Daniel understand the mar’eh. Gabriel had now come to Daniel for this very purpose. He goes on to say, “understand the matter, and consider the mar’eh.” Gabriel was not asking Daniel to consider a vision he was about to give him. No, no, for Gabriel did not give Daniel another vision at this time. He was asking Daniel to consider the vision he had already received some twelve years before, recorded in chapter 8. So what came into Daniel’s mind at that time? Did he immediately think of rams and goats and horns? Certainly not! That had already been explained to him. Daniel’s mind went back to the specific portion of the vision that was left unexplained, the 2300-day prophecy (the mar’eh). If Gabriel had expected Daniel to consider the ram, goat, and little horn, he would have said, consider the chazown, but he didn’t, he said, “consider the mar’eh.”

With Daniel’s mind stirred to consider the 2300-day prophecy, Gabriel immediately starts in with the words, “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people…” Gabriel does not begin expounding on rams, goats and horns, but begins with an explanation of time. If the 70 weeks of Daniel 9 do not have a direct connection to the 2300 days, then Gabriel failed in his mission. Gabriel had been commanded to make Daniel understand the mar’eh, which he had not done in the previous chapter. Gabriel reminds Daniel of the mar’eh (the 2300 days) and immediately begins expounding on time. This is not a new vision Gabriel is giving to Daniel, but merely an explanation of time. We will see this more clearly as we go on.

The Seventy Weeks

Gabriel said, “Seventy weeks are determined [literally: “cut off”] upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.” (Daniel 9:24) The Hebrew word that was translated here “determined” means, “Properly, to cut off; tropically, to divide; and so to determine, to decree.” (Gesenius’ Hebrew Lexicon) This is the only place in the Bible where this Hebrew word was used.

The angel Gabriel had asked Daniel to consider the 2300 days portion of his last vision, then he said, “Seventy weeks are cut off…” Cut off from what? Gabriel was here to fulfill his mission of making Daniel understand the 2300 days. It is evident that the 70 weeks are cut off from the 2300 days or else Gabriel’s explanation here would be useless to help Daniel understand the 2300 days. So it is clear that 70 weeks must occur sometime during the 2300-day prophecy. Further, for Gabriel to use the 70 weeks to help Daniel understand the 2300 days, these 70 weeks must be cut off from the beginning of the 2300 days or else it would not help Daniel to understand the 2300 days. Therefore, the 2300 days and the 70 weeks must begin at the same time. So if we can determine when the 70 weeks began and ended it is simple to determine when the 2300 days end.

How can we know when these 70 weeks begin? Gabriel gives us the answer in the following verse, he said, “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.” (Daniel 9:25)

Daniel was in Babylon while his homeland, Jerusalem, was in ruins. Gabriel informed Daniel that soon a commandment would go forth to “restore and to build Jerusalem.” Certainly Daniel was overjoyed at this news. Notice, the beginning of these seventy weeks was not when Jerusalem would be rebuilt, but when the commandment would go forth for it to be rebuilt. Concerning this, one commentary reads, “The seventy weeks date thirteen years before the rebuilding of Jerusalem; for then the re-establishment of the theocracy began, namely, at the return of Ezra to Jerusalem, 457 B.C.” (Jamieson, Fausset, Brown Commentary on Daniel 9:24.)

We learn of this in the seventh chapter of Ezra where it says, “This Ezra went up from Babylon;… unto Jerusalem, in the seventh year of Artaxerxes the king.… Now this is the copy of the letter that the king Artaxerxes gave unto Ezra the priest…” (Ezra 7:6-11) There had been two previous commands given to rebuild Jerusalem, but neither of them truly “went forth” nor accomplished the intended goal. Artaxerxes’ command was recorded verbatim by inspiration. No other decree carries such credentials! Of Artaxerxes’ command it could truly be said it “went forth.”

Artaxerxes began his reign in 464 B.C. “Artaxerxes I (reigned 464-424 B.C.)… Artaxerxes I showed favor to the Jews, issuing a decree allowing them to rebuild Jerusalem and restore the Temple…” (“Artaxerxes” Collier’s Encyclopedia, 1998 Edition.) The seventh year of Artaxerxes’ reign was 457 B.C. According to Gabriel this is the date for the beginning of the 70 weeks. This 70-week prophecy could not possibly be literal weeks of days, for this would only bring us down to 456 B.C., at which time nothing in history would validate the fulfilling of this prophecy. Moreover, Gabriel informs us that when 69 weeks are completed Messiah would come. This certainly did not happen in 456 B.C.

Those who lived prior to the death of Christ had one reference point to determine the beginning of the 70 weeks, which was the commandment to restore and rebuild Jerusalem. For those of us living after the death of Christ it is very easy to know when the 70 weeks began and ended because we have two reference points to go by, the coming of the Messiah and the commandment to restore and rebuild Jerusalem.

490 Years

From the context of what takes place during these seventy weeks, it is evident that this could not be referring to literal weeks of days, but must mean weeks of years, which would be 490 years.

This understanding of prophetic time is not uncommon in the Bible. For example, consider the following verses:

“And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years.” (Leviticus 25:8)

“And when thou hast accomplished them, lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed thee each day for a year.” (Ezekiel 4:6)

“After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise.” (Numbers 14:34)

“And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days.” (Revelation 12:6)

The prophetic principle of a day of prophetic time equaling a year of literal time is a well known and established principle in Bible prophecy. This biblical understanding of time prophecy is also known by many Bible scholars. For example, please consider the following:

“This space of ‘seventy’ weeks is not to be understood of weeks of literal days; which is too short a time for the fulfillment of so many events as are mentioned; nor were they fulfilled within such a space of time; but of weeks of years, and make up four hundred and ninety years… this way of reckoning of years by days is not unusual in the sacred writings; see Genesis 29:27; Leviticus 25:8; Ezekiel 4:4, 5; Revelation 12:6; 13:5.” (John Gill’s Expositor on Daniel 9:24.)

Referring to Gabriel’s words here, the 1599 Geneva Bible footnotes say, “He alludes to Jeremiah’s prophecy, who prophesied that their captivity would be seventy years: but now God’s mercy would exceed his judgment seven times as much, which would be 490 years, even until the coming of Christ…” (1599 Geneva Bible footnotes on Daniel 9:24.)

With the biblical precedent of a prophetic day equaling one literal year, we can make sense of the 70-week time prophecy.

Putting it all Together

The 70 weeks comprises a total of 490 years and began in 457 B.C., extending to 34 A.D.

 70 Weeks

If you were to add 457 and 34 you would come up with the number 491. This is one year too many for the 490-year total. So how can I say that the 490 years ended in 34 A.D.?

The answer lies in the fact that there was no year zero (0) A.D. or B.C. The time shifted from 1 B.C. directly to 1 A.D. To illustrate this we will use the example of going from 5 B.C. to 5 A.D. If I wanted to know how many years transpired in this amount of time, and I were to simply add 5 plus 5, I would come up with the answer 10. I would think that ten years transpired. However, please take a look at the graph below.

5 BC to 6 AD

The time went from 1 B.C. to 1 A.D. Now, looking at the time line and counting the number of years that transpired, you can see that it was actually only 9 years that transpired from 5 B.C. to 5 A.D. So if I wanted to designate when 10 years were complete I would have to go all the way to 6 A.D.

The same is true when we consider the 490-year prophecy. Since this prophecy spans over the change from B.C. to A.D. we have to add one year to the A.D. portion to retain the correct number of years. Therefore, the completion of the 490-year period has to be in 34 A.D. Now the question is, what happened in 34 A.D. that would signify the completion of the 70 weeks, and did the Messiah come exactly as predicted in the prophecy? Let us take a few minutes to examine this.

The Coming of the Messiah

Gabriel told Daniel that first there would be 7 weeks, then 62 weeks, and then 1 week, to make up a total of 70 weeks. When we translate this to years, as it evidently must be, we see that first there was a 49-year period, which would take us down to 408 B.C. Next there was a 434-year period, which would take us down to 27 A.D. Gabriel said, “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks…” (Daniel 9:25) According to Gabriel in this prophecy, Messiah the Prince would come in exactly 27 A.D. Did this happen? Not if we assume that this was referring to the birth of Christ in Bethlehem. However, let us consider that at that time the coming of the Messiah was almost unknown to the world. Up until 27 A.D. Jesus was not known as the Messiah, but merely as “the carpenter’s son.” (Matthew 13:55)

It was in 27 A.D. that Jesus was baptized in the river Jordan and was proclaimed to be “the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.” (John 1:29) It was in 27 A.D. that Christ began His public ministry, and it was in this year that it could truly be said that the Messiah had come. Mark wrote, “Now after that [the baptism of Christ and his 40 days of fasting in the wilderness] John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.” (Mark 1:14, 15) What did Jesus mean when He said, “The time is fulfilled”?

One commentary says the following: “We should note that Jesus himself declares that the prophesied time for the setting up of his kingdom was at hand. There were many general prophecies as to this kingdom, but one which especially fixed the time of its coming; namely, Daniel 9:24-27. This prophecy tells of seventy weeks in which each day is reckoned as a year, so that the seventy weeks equal four hundred and ninety years. They are to be counted from the date of the decree, which ordered the rebuilding of Jerusalem. The Messiah, or Prince, was to come at the beginning of the seventieth week, or four hundred and eighty-three years from the date of the decree.” (J. W. Mcgarvey, LL.D. and Philip Y. Pendleton, A.B., The Fourfold Gospel Commentary on Mark 1:15)

Christ came right on schedule, just as the prophecy had foretold. Christ began His public ministry in 27 A.D., which ended 69 weeks of the total 70-week period that had been “cut off” for the children of Israel. They had just one week (7 years) left of their allotted time.

The prophecy did not end here. Gabriel went on, “And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself…” (Daniel 9:26) Gabriel said very plainly that the Messiah would come at the end of the 7-week and 62-week periods, and then Gabriel said, “after” the 62 weeks “shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself.” The Hebrew word rendered here “cut off” signifies the death of the Messiah. Gabriel informs us that sometime after the first 69 weeks Christ would be killed. Then he goes on: “but not for himself.” Christ died; but not for Himself, for He had not committed any sins. Christ was killed; not for Himself, but for you and me. “For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just, for the unjust.” (1 Peter 3:18)

The Death of the Messiah

Up to this point Gabriel did not tell us when Christ was to die, but merely sometime after the 69 weeks were completed, or in other words, sometime after 27 A.D. But he doesn’t end it here. He continues, “And he [the Messiah] shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” (Daniel 9:27) Gabriel informed us that Christ will confirm the covenant with many for one week and in the midst of that week He would “cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.” What did Gabriel mean when he said that Christ will “cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease”?

The Hebrew word that is here rendered “oblation,” was used 211 times in the Old Testament. 164 of those times it was translated “offering.” According to Gabriel, Christ would cause the sacrifices of animals and the offerings performed in the earthly sanctuary to cease in the middle of the last week. Did this happen? In the spring of 31 A.D., precisely 3 ½ years after His baptism, Christ was crucified. At this time, the Bible records, “Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent.” (Matthew 27:50, 51) When the veil was rent in two by supernatural power it signified that the sacrifices and offerings, along with the earthly sanctuary, were no longer of any use. At that time Christ caused “the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.”

By 31 A.D. 69 ½ weeks of the total 70-week period had transpired. There was ½ week left, so what happened next? The ½ week, or 3 ½ years remaining, brings us down to 34 A.D. This date would end the 70-week period that had been allotted to the Jewish nation. At this point we should look for a sign that God had no longer regarded the Israelites as His special people and turned to the Gentiles to bring them salvation.

The Jewish Close of Probation

The year 34 A.D. witnessed the death of the first Christian martyr. Stephen was boldly speaking the truth before the leaders of the Jewish church when they turned on him and stoned him to death. This, along with their killing of the Son of God, ended their role as God’s chosen people. One of those standing there at the time of Stephen’s murder turned out to be the man whom God chose to be the apostle to the Gentiles.

Paul said to the Jewish leaders, “It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.” (Acts 13:46) He also wrote, “I am appointed a preacher, and an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles.” (2 Timothy 1:11)

In 34 A.D. the times of the Gentiles began, giving them the opportunity to hear the gospel. Thus the Jews’ time of probation had ended as a nation. Their sins had reached heaven, and shortly thereafter Jerusalem was destroyed, along with their temple. To this day they have not been able to rebuild their temple in Jerusalem.

Tying it Together with the 2300 Days

Now that we have this brief overview of the 70 weeks it is simple to designate the year that the 2300-day prophecy ended. As mentioned before, the 70-week prophecy must be inseparably linked to the 2300 days or else Gabriel failed in his mission to make Daniel understand this prophecy. The giving of the 70-week prophecy was specifically designed to make Daniel understand the 2300 days. This 70-week period was said to have been “cut off” and must evidently be “cut off” from the 2300-day period. These two prophecies must begin at the same time or else the 70-week prophecy would be useless to Daniel to help him understand the 2300 days.

This being the case, and since we already know when the 70-week period ended, all we must do now is subtract the 70 weeks from the 2300 days and we will know the date for the end of the 2300-day prophecy. The 70 weeks equals 490 years and ended in 34 A.D. If we take the 2300 days, which would equal 2300 years, and subtract 490 years, we get 1810 years. Therefore, in 34 A.D., there still remained 1810 years before the completion of the 2300-day prophecy. From 34 A.D., if we go down in time 1810 more years, we come to the date 1844. 1844 then must be the end of the 2300-day prophecy.

2300 days

Back to the Context

Let us take a moment to refresh our minds as to the context of the 2300-day prophecy. Daniel had just been given a vision where he saw a ram, an he goat, and a little horn. He saw that the little horn would take away the daily, cast down the sanctuary, and cast the truth to the ground. We also were informed in chapter 11 that this same power would not “regard the God of his fathers” and “a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour… a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory.” (See Daniel 11:37-39) The Scriptures foretold that when the papacy arose to power it would reject the true God and honor a “strange god” in His place. This is the major part of “the truth” that the little horn is said to have “cast down… to the ground.” All of this together is said to be “the transgression of desolation.”

Immediately following Daniel beholding the events surrounding the little horn and the abominable things it would do, Daniel heard one saint speaking to another saint asking, “How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?” (Daniel 8:13)

The one saint was asking, “When will all these things be over?” “When will the truth of the daily ministration of Christ in the heavenly sanctuary no longer be taken away?” “When will the truth about the sanctuary in heaven no longer be cast down?” “When will the truth about God no longer be trodden under foot?” This is the context of the 2300 days.

According to the context of the vision, in 1844 we must look for a message that is proclaimed that will reveal the truth about God, His Son, His sanctuary, and the continual ministration of Christ in the heavenly sanctuary. All these things must be fulfilled at this time to fulfill the 2300-day prophecy. Now we must look at this date and see if anything like this occurred.

What Happened in 1844?

History reveals that in the late 1830s and early 1840s a message was being proclaimed in direct relation to the 2300-day prophecy. A Baptist man by the name of William Miller studied the prophecies of Daniel chapters 8 and 9 and came to the conclusion that the 2300 days would end in 1843. His calculations were off by one year due to his misunderstanding of the transition from B.C. to A.D. After the passing of 1843 William Miller revised his understanding of the date in which the 2300-day prophecy would end. He realized that because of the B.C. to A.D. transition there was one extra year that needed to be added. Thus he came to the conclusion that in the fall of 1844, on the Jewish Day of Atonement, Christ would come to cleanse this earth by fire.

William Miller misunderstood the sanctuary to be referring to this earth, and taught that the cleansing of the sanctuary meant that Christ would come and destroy the earth by fire. This, however, was not the case.

Many people joined Miller in his preaching of the soon-coming of Christ. However, the Day of Atonement in 1844 passed without any sign of Christ coming to cleanse the earth with fire. Many people lost hope of the imminent return of Christ and concluded that Miller’s interpretation of the 2300 days was wrong. Miller was correct in his understanding that the 2300 days ended in 1844, as has been demonstrated by this study, but he was wrong in his conclusions as to what would happen in that year.

The Cleansing of the Sanctuary

The day after the Day of Atonement in 1844 a man by the name of Hiram Edson saw a vision in which he beheld the sanctuary in heaven. He saw that Christ and His Father, instead of coming to this earth, actually moved from the holy place to the most holy place of the heavenly sanctuary to begin their work in the second apartment of that sanctuary.

This understanding fits the verse that says, “then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.” This sanctuary evidently refers to the sanctuary in heaven because by the time the 2300 days were completed, there was no sanctuary on earth. Paul demonstrates that there truly is a sanctuary in heaven as is brought out in Hebrews chapter 8.

It is clear from Scripture that the earthly sanctuary and its services were a “shadow of heavenly things.” (Hebrews 8:5) In the earthly sanctuary there was one day each year when the high priest entered into the most holy place. Scripture explains that on this day the priest “shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.” (Leviticus 16:33)

On the Day of Atonement the high priest was to make an atonement for the sanctuary. In this process he was to “sprinkle of the blood upon the altar with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.” (Leviticus 16:19) Making the atonement for the sanctuary can also be referred to as cleansing the sanctuary. Notice what God said about how we fit into the cleansing of the sanctuary. “For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.” (Leviticus 16:30) The cleansing of the sanctuary included a cleansing of the people.

In 1844 the Father and His Son began their work in the most holy place of the heavenly sanctuary, thus beginning the true Day of Atonement. This is the message Hiram Edson and his companions proclaimed as the fulfilling of the 2300-day prophecy. Yet if this were the only part of the message they proclaimed, it would fall short of fulfilling the context of the 2300-day prophecy. The context indicates that not only would the sanctuary be cleansed but also the truth about God, His Son, His sanctuary, and the continual ministration of Christ in the heavenly sanctuary would be revealed. Did this happen?

In 1844 God raised up a body of believers proclaiming a message predicted by Bible prophecy. The woman described in Revelation 12 that had gone into the wilderness was coming out. This church proclaimed all the messages prophesied in Daniel chapter 8. They rejected the doctrine of the Trinity, which enabled them to teach the truth on these important subjects. They taught the truth about God, His Son, His sanctuary and Christ’s daily ministration in the heavenly sanctuary. This prophecy was fulfilled to the letter by this movement that God raised up.

Daniel and Leviticus Connected

 “And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.” (Daniel 8:14) This prophecy has reference to the day of atonement described in Leviticus 16, especially verse 30, which speaks of an atonement of cleansing. “For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.” This was an atonement of cleansing, complementing the atonement of forgiveness as described in Leviticus 4, which resulted from the sin offering.

This connection between Daniel 8 and Leviticus 16 has been called into serious question by some because it is stated that the translation of “cleansed,” in Daniel 8:14 in the KJV, is incorrect. However, a study of the two Hebrew words in question, from Daniel and Leviticus, shows a clear linguistic parallel in meaning. In Daniel 8:14, the word translated “cleansed” is the Hebrew word qdu - tsadaq (Strong’s #6663 ). The words translated “cleanse” and “clean” in Leviticus 16:30 are from the Hebrew word: rhj - taher (Strong’s #2891).

Hebrew parallelism shows a clear connection between these words. Notice Job 4:17:

“Shall mortal man be more just (tsadaq) than God? shall a man be more pure (taher) than his maker?” (Job 4:17) Here the parallelism is the synonymous form where the second line repeats the first in slightly different words, but carries the same meaning. In this verse tsadaq and taher are considered to be equivalent.

Let us now look at some other verses that use tsadaq and taher or one of their variations with similar meaning.

 “The righteous (tsaddiyq: a form of tsadaq) also shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean (tehowr: a form of taher) hands shall be stronger and stronger.” (Job 17:9) Here the “righteous” and the “clean” are given equivalent status.

 In Ecclesiastes 9:2 we find more parallelism. “All things come alike to all: there is one event to the righteous (tsaddiyq), and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean (tahowr: a form of taher) and to the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as is the good, so is the sinner; and he that sweareth, as he that feareth an oath.” Here the wise man is equating the “righteous” with those that are “clean.”

“The fear of the LORD is clean (tahowr), enduring for ever: the judgments of the LORD are true and righteous (tsadaq) altogether. (Psalms 19:9) Here “clean” and “righteous” are clearly parallel.

Especially interesting is the connection found in Malachi 3:1-3: “Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts. But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner’s fire, and like fullers’ soap: And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier (taher) of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness (tsedaqah: a form of tsadaq).” Here a work of judgment and a work of refining or cleansing is clearly brought to view as the Lord comes to his temple or sanctuary.

While we are considering the linguistic concerns of Daniel 8:14 we wish to tackle another concern that has been raised over the years: “Daniel 8:14 says, ‘And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.’ Even if the time prophecy extends to 1844, the language seems to be saying that it is to be done or at least finished by 1844, not beginning in 1844. Also, the verb tense for tsadaq in this verse is the Hebrew perfect tense which usually denotes a completed action.” This concern appears, on the surface, to be a very valid one. However, the perfect tense can also be used to denote action, “completed from the point of view of another action yet future - I will draw for thy camels also until ‘they have done’ drinking.” (Brown–Driver–Briggs’ Hebrew Lexicon.)

Concerning the perfect tense, the Brown–Driver– Briggs’ Hebrew Lexicon also states, “Sometimes in Hebrew, future events are conceived so vividly and so realistically that they are regarded as having virtually taken place and are described by the perfect.” An example of this is connected to the mar’eh. Daniel 9:24 says: “Seventy weeks are determined [cut off] upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.” The Hebrew verb, Ktx - chathak, translated “determined,” is in the perfect tense, yet it cannot denote completed action here because the “seventy weeks” were not to begin for another eighty plus years! In Daniel 8:14 God is declaring that even though the little horn power would seem to gain the upper hand in his warfare against God and His people, there would come a time when not only would the sanctuary be cleansed, but the truth about God, His Son, His sanctuary, and the continual ministration of Christ in the heavenly sanctuary would be revealed.

Let us also notice two other verses using the perfect tense.

“And I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, and there will I plead [perfect tense] with you face to face.” (Ezekiel 20:35) It is obvious that this verse is referring to a time when God would begin pleading, rather than a time when He had already finished pleading.

“Our necks are under persecution [perfect tense]: we labour, and have no rest.” (Lamentations 5:5) This verse is obviously referring to an ongoing persecution rather than a persecution that has already been completed.

Some may ask, “How could the heavenly sanctuary need cleansing?” The answer is to be found when we consider the cleansing of the earthly sanctuary. God instructed Moses to make an atonement for the sanctuary to “cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.” (Leviticus 16:19) It was the sins of the people that made the sanctuary unclean. The sanctuary was not unclean in and of itself, but was considered unclean because of the sins of the people that had been symbolically transferred to it by the blood of the sacrifice. In like manner, the sins of God’s people were transferred to the heavenly sanctuary by the blood of Christ at His resurrection.

It seems strange to consider anything in heaven to need cleansing, but let us consider a couple verses: “Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints; yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight.” (Job 15:15) Paul wrote, “It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these [blood of calves and goats]; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.” (Hebrews 9:23) Paul says that the heavenly things must be purified with better sacrifices than the blood of animals.

A Work Done After the Death of Christ

Christ’s death on the cross was vitally important, for without that He would have nothing to offer on our behalf. Paul wrote, “Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.” (Hebrews 8:1-3) At Christ’s resurrection He, for the first time, entered upon His work as our High Priest; a minister of the sanctuary in heaven. He could not have been our high priest until after He had something to offer—after His death on the cross.

The earthly high priest was ordained “to offer gifts and sacrifices.” To whom did he offer the gifts and sacrifices? To God! Christ has been ordained as our High Priest, and He must have something to offer—the merits of His perfect and complete sacrifice.

If, in the earthly sanctuary service, the sinner brought the sacrifice and merely killed it, would that be of any benefit to the sinner? Certainly not! The sin that had been symbolically transferred to the sacrifice by confession had to be transferred, by the priest, to the sanctuary before the sinner could be forgiven. In like manner, we must have the ministration of our High Priest in the heavenly sanctuary so that we can be forgiven. We need the ministration of Christ on our behalf as much as we needed the death of Christ for our sins. One without the other would be of no avail. “For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” (1 Timothy 2:5) “Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.” (Hebrews 7:25)

The Work of Our High Priest Today

This all seems new to many people because they have never given much thought regarding the necessity of Christ being our High Priest, “a minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.”

Notice what Paul said in the following verse: “Wherefore in all things it behoved him [Christ] to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.” (Hebrews 2:17) This verse sheds much light on this subject. It says that Christ had to become a man before He could be a merciful and faithful High Priest. The Greek word that was translated “behoved” means to be under obligation. (See Strong’s Greek Lexicon.) Before Christ could be our High Priest He had to become a man and die for our sins so that He would have something to offer as a minister in the heavenly sanctuary.

Notice what Paul said Christ would do after He became our High Priest. He said that Christ had to be a High Priest “to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.” Christ is our High Priest today, making reconciliation for our sins. Paul did not say He made reconciliation [past tense] for the sins of the people but that He is making reconciliation [present tense] for the sins of the people. The Greek term to ilaskesqai that was translated “make reconciliation” is in the present tense in Greek. This agrees with Paul’s words in the book of Hebrews where he said Christ “ever liveth to make intercession” for us. (Hebrews 7:25) Praise the Lord that He has not only provided His Son as our perfect sacrifice, but also appointed Him to be our High Priest to minister for us, making reconciliation for our sins today. There is a work going on right now in heaven that we must not overlook.


The context of the 2300 days demands that they are 2300 years, and that at the end of them the truth about God, His Son, His sanctuary, and Christ’s continual ministration in the heavenly sanctuary must be revealed. The 2300-day prophecy itself shows that at the close of the 2300 days the sanctuary in heaven would be cleansed. Gabriel’s mission was to make Daniel understand the 2300 days, which he did by explaining that 70 weeks were cut off from the total length of the 2300 days. The 70 weeks must have been cut off from the beginning of the 2300-day period or else the 70 weeks would not help Daniel understand the 2300 days, and Gabriel would have failed in his mission to make Daniel understand this prophecy.

The 70 weeks began in 457 B.C. with the going forth of the commandment to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem. They are 70 weeks of years rather than 70 weeks of days. The 70 weeks must have ended in 34 A.D. with the stoning of Stephen, which ended the time of probation for the Jewish nation. The 2300 days ended in 1844, at which time the truth about God, His Son, His sanctuary, and the continual ministration of Christ in the heavenly sanctuary was revealed. Also, at this time the Father and His Son entered the most holy place to begin the cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary, typified by the Day of Atonement.

I pray that this study has been helpful to you in your quest for the truth and nothing but the truth. I have enjoyed studying these things out for myself, and I pray you will find the same blessings as you do the same.


Questions and Answers

by Lynnford Beachy

(I would like to let you know that all of the Questions and Answers that have ever been printed in Present Truth have been categorized and put on our website in an easy to use format. You can access them at www.presenttruth.info and click on the “Questions and Answers” link at the lower left of the screen.    Editor)


“The translation of Acts 16:7 in the RSV has the rendering, ‘Spirit of Jesus,’ which is in harmony with the Jehovah’s Witness Translation. The King James Version simply renders ‘Spirit.’ Is there anything in the original to mandate any of the two?”



This is a good question. Actually, both translations are correct translations of a Greek text type. The reason for the difference is that there are two Greek text types that are used to make translations of the Bible, the Majority text type (otherwise known as the “Textus Receptus”) and the Alexandrian text type (with the two most prominent being the Vaticanus and the Sinaiticus). The Majority text type, which makes up the vast majority of Greek texts and is the most reliable, being uncorrupted by the papacy, renders this verse “Spirit,” while the Alexandrian text type renders this verse “Spirit of Jesus.”

Jay P. Green, Sr., editor of several Greek-English Interlinear Bibles, notes the following concerning these two text types: “The NIV says: The most reliable early manuscripts, and other ancient witnesses, do not have Mark 16:9-20 but they are putting their mere opinion before the reader when they say most reliable. Since only 2 Greek MSS. lack these verses, they rest entirely on Aleph and B [Sinaiticus and Vaticanus] (with 2,877 and 3,455 omissions respectively in the Gospels alone), can they be called reliable? Then lacking no other Greek evidence, they must bring in other ancient witnesses something they will not allow opposing critics to do. The critics refuse to credit the witness of thousands of Greek MSS. and lectionaries.” (Textual And Translation Notes On The Gospels, on Mark 16:9, by Jay P. Green, Sr.)

Notwithstanding the questionable nature of the Vaticanus and Sinaiticus Greek manuscripts, many translators today regard them as the final authority, regardless of the fact that thousands of other Greek manuscripts disagree with them thousands of times. This should cause us to take serious consideration before we select a Bible translation.

It is very sad that people would attempt to make alterations to the Word of God. John solemnly warned against this when he wrote, “For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.” (Revelation 22:18, 19)

Green sums up the evidence, stating, “not only is Mark 16:9-20 vindicated, but codices B and Aleph [Vaticanus and Sinaiticus] stand convicted of containing poison. They also contain the poison (mentioned above) in Matthew 1:7 and 10, Matthew 1:18, Mark 6:22, Luke 3:33 and Luke 23:45, John 1:18 and 1 Corinthians 5:1. Does this not diminish their credibility as witnesses?” (Ibid.)

Green concludes, “Only a cultic belief in the value of the Egyptian manuscripts can explain the willingness of the critics and new versionists to cast out words contained in all other manuscripts. Yet these manuscripts which they have elevated to the role of supreme judges of authenticity have no known history. Who wrote them? Under what conditions were they written? What was their motivation for leaving out thousands of words (a total ejection of some 8 pages of Greek), and for adding, transposing, and otherwise altering passages contained in all of the other manuscripts? Without such a cultic belief, any unbiased, thinking person must reject the Egyptian manuscripts [Vaticanus and Sinaiticus] which fly in the face of all the manuscript, version, and patristic evidence. For a full and complete discussion of all the evidence, and all the attempts to discredit these precious verses, see Unholy Hands, Vol. I, pp. C-1 to C-177, a complete book by Dean John W. Burgon.” (Ibid.)

There is much more evidence to indicate that the Majority text type, from which the King James Version of the Bible was translated, is the most reliable Greek text type. For a thorough study on this subject please read the article entitled “Which Bible?” by Lynnford Beachy, found in the March 1999 issue of Present Truth. You can either contact us and request a printed copy, or you can read it on the Internet at https://presenttruth.info or download and print the PDF version.

I hope this helps to answer your question.


Letters from our Readers

(Each month we receive letters that help us to know how God’s work is progressing throughout the world. Because we think you are interested in this work as well, we are printing some of them for you. If you do not wish your letter to be printed, please let us know when you write.    Editor)

The Work in Africa

(Many of these letters from Africa include requests. Thanks to the kindness of our Lord, and the generosity of His people, some of these needs have been met. However, there are many that we are unable to meet due to lack of funds.

Some of the needs that have not been met are:

  • A motorcycle for a minister in Uganda—$1,000.
  • A house for a minister and his family in Tanzania—$3,200.
  • Building material to build a church in Nigeria—$2,000.
  • Telephone and bicycle for a minister in Zambia—$500.
  • Supplies for literature evangelism, crusades, and Bible courses in Zambia—$500 monthly.
  • Crusades in Kenya—$1,500.
  • Paper and ink for printing in Zimbabwe—$500 monthly.
  • Several ministers have been sponsored, but there are several that have not. They need funds for the living expenses of themselves and their families—$100 each.

If the Lord impresses you to help meet any of these needs, please contact us and we will give you the necessary information. Thank you!    Editor)

“Following the invitation from the brethren in _____ who had an interest in Bible studies, which were shortly brought into view by Sister Ngwenya who comes from _____, we then organized a trip to go and make studies. We had translated “The God of the Bible,” and “Which God?” into the local language. People were really blessed by the sanctifying truths. We spent the whole Sabbath day teaching biblical truths. God helped us explain these truths.

“We returned to Bulawayo the same day. It was very unfortunate that one of the newly converted _____ sisters, who were part of the group, was struck by illness the following day. Her illness seems to be demonic, because every time she comes from church she gets sick. Please remember these two sisters in your prayers, who have serious constant attacks from the devil. These sisters love the Lord very much, but the devil always torments them, especially when they are preparing for Sabbath worship. The older sister has a problem of cancer, though it is getting better by prayers and the use of nature cure, i.e., reforming in health principles, which I have come to believe that they cannot be separated from the gospel.

“We need to thank God for His hand is at work illuminating the world by His Word in these last days of planet earth. May God bless you as you pray for these sisters and many others.”


“Thank you for the money and your prayers. I am very happy today because I collected 18 boxes of tracts yesterday [from Zimbabwe]. Praise be to God. May the almighty God continue to guide and bless you all.”


“On June 24, 2002, I wrote a letter to Evangelist Benny Kayamba of “Word of Truth Bible School.” No response has yet come. Maybe any time from now I might receive a letter from him. The slow conveyance of mail, which is a common feature here, or his busy schedule, which could have contributed…

“About five of the cities indicated in his e-mail, which are required to be worked, are in the province where I am. So far, I don’t think there is any work already established. With resources available, it would be no difficult job for me to do. I have many contacts and I’m conversant with most of the languages in this area. Even some of the places outside our province, which were shown, would be easy for me because that’s where I was during my evangelism field training.

“What I’m planning now is a proper organized work for I know that the opposition would be great and efforts will be made to discredit the work and the message. The first and most important is communication, so a telephone link is needed for efficiency. With this facility I could have already established contact with Benny. A bicycle for easy transportation to cover the surrounding areas. Some sundry and transport expenses for a regular supply of literature. The estimate is five hundred dollars ($500). They say, ‘actions speak louder than words’ and ‘fruits than plans.’

“May you send me more details on the location of Brother Ephraim Ngwenya or print work in neighboring Zimbabwe. For in all the reports on the work in Africa the neighboring country of Namibia is not mentioned., which is an indicator that the work is not yet started there. I have a sister married there, so contact won’t be a hurdle. I made contact with my uncle during his visit and he was so impressed by the materials I had. If he has kept his word, he should have ordered some material from you or is still in the process. He stays right on the border with the neighboring country Namibia.

“Please help me with a sponsor that I may do full time ministry work. Your help and cooperation is much needed.”


“I am greeting you in Jesus’ name. God be with you. I am very happy to write to you this letter to ask you some explanations about my questions.

“I want to inform you that three months ago I was a member of the SDA church, but Brother _____ came to me and began to preach to me. He told me the message of Smyrna Gospel Ministries. Sometimes he gave me many books for reading and he gave me some explanations about what I read and he supported me in my diseases to buy medicine. I ask you to explain more about the Holy Spirit in the Godhead. Can you send me a reply? God bless you.”


“How was the camp meeting? It is another broken heart to me again for not attending the camp meeting this year. Well, God’s time is the best. However, I strongly agree with God that next year camp meeting will not pass me by. Please send me information of what happened in the camp meeting so that I and the brethren with me will share the testimony. Also, send video and audio tapes of the meetings to us.

“I am organizing a seven days camp meeting at _____, so I need to watch the video tapes. The scheduled date for the meeting is 21 – 27 October, 2002. I need your support to make this first effort of mine successful.

“Again, Pastor, this is my first time to make financial request from you and I have the dynamic faith you will help me this time. My problem is very serious, so do not overlook it. We have no place for worship; we have suffered a lot for this matter. Please come to our aid. The botcher house we are occupying has collapsed. I am using red mud to rebuild. It has become a problem to us. We want to lay the foundation this time. I don’t need to tell you to give us this or that amount. What we need first is thirty bundles of zinc which costs $1,172 US. And one hundred and fifty bags of cement which costs $821 US. To us, no amount is small. You know why you are able to know the problems of the brethren in other African countries is that you have visited them. A lot is to be done in Nigeria, but till I see you, I don’t like to disturb you for financial matters, but see what you can do to help us out urgently.

“Remember to write me as soon as you fix a date for the next year’s camp meeting. Please consider us this time, we are praying that God must provide money for you to help us. Also, I permit you to publish our request in the Present Truth magazine at least for three months. We believe that God will touch hearts that will help us to build the house of worship.”



“Thank you for your magazine Present Truth. It is a blessing to me as I am learning so much from it. I pray for you and your helpers that God will continue to be with you and bless your witness for Him.

“I am very sure we only have a very short time to get the last day message to all the world and have many souls ready and waiting to meet Him in the sky.

“I really do look forward to that wonderful and glad day. I love my Saviour with all heart.”


“Please remove us from your mailing list. Our primary interest was about questions regarding the nature of God and we feel that our questions have been pretty well addressed.”


“Thanks for the lovely Present Truth that arrived yesterday. I am thrilled about the message spreading in Africa and the blessings. I am happy that I can help.”


“At present I am working on some tracts on the Visayan dialect for distribution to those who cannot comprehend the English language. Please pray for our work here as we pray for the work throughout the world.


“May I subscribe to the Present Truth magazine?”

Puerto Rico

“Peace stays with you my brothers. I am writing for you to ask to send by post office, this little book [The Formulation of the Doctrine of the Trinity] showed in your site… I am really interested in this subject (Trinity) so actually, I am indeed amazed by this subject. I had always my doubts about this subject, but now I am feeling free with these truths. I am feeling a little desolate, but very happy. Now, I feel much more correct about disagreeing with this doctrine. I think that many people like me would like to understand so important a subject. A stronghold. May the Lord Jesus stay with all of you. I will be very thankful if you answer me.”


“Thank you for sending me your publications. They are very interesting. Especially the book, América en la Profecía [America in Prophecy]. I would like to share with my friends in Spanish this book but I have only one.

“If you send me another I would be happy because we are living at the last time of our life.”


“I have kept you and yours in my prayers each time I’ve prayed alone. Mr. Lynnford Beachy! I read the latest of work from him in Questions and Answers and really enjoyed it. He’s quite a fellow! Really wish I could meet all of you up there. I thank God for you all! Amen!

“I also saw the Letters from Prisoners and I wanted to thank the editor for this kindness and consideration in that matter.”


Something for the Young at Heart

This month we are trying something new, and we would like your feedback on it. We would like to give you an interesting and easy way to study the Bible, so we are including a crossword puzzle in this issue. Try it, and see what you think. If you have any suggestions, please let us know. If you have Java enabled on your web browser click here.

The Father and the Son


1.    In John 5:26 what was given to the Son by the Father? (3 Words) 

4.    According to Solomon what happened to Jesus before the hills? Proverbs 8:25 (2 Words) 

9.    Who is the Head of Christ? 1 Corinthians 11:3 

11.    How is Christ described in Colossians 1:15 in relation to the invisible God? 

13.    John wrote his book so that we might believe that Jesus is the Christ the _____ __ _____. John 20:31 (3 Words) 

14.    Who is the one God of the Bible, according to Paul in 1 Corinthians 8:6? (2 Words) 

15.    How many Gods are there according to Paul in 1 Timothy 2:5? 

17.    How many other Gods are there besides the Father? 1 Corinthians 8:4-6; Mark 12:32 (2 Words) 

18.    Whose Son did the disciples believe Christ to be? John 6:69 (2 Words) 


2.    How is Jesus described in Hebrews 1:3 in relation to His Father? (2 Words) 

3.    How is Christ’s Father described in Luke 1:35? 

5.    Jesus is called the _____ _____ Son of God in John 3:18. (2 Words) 

6.    How does Jesus describe the Father in John 17:3? (3 Words) 

7.    How is Christ’s Father described in Mark 5:7? (2 Words) 

8.    Jesus _____ _____ from God. John 16:27. (2 Words) 

10.    Whose name besides the Father’s is asked about in Proverbs 30:4? (3 Words) 

12.    Jesus said __ _____ is the God of the Jews. John 8:54 (2 Words) 

16.    How many men have seen the Father? John 1:18 (2 Words) 


The Father and the Son - Answers

Truth About God Answers


Fearfully and Wonderfully Made (Part 9)

by George McDaniel

(This is the ninth in a series of health articles that are designed to help you gain a deeper appreciation for God’s amazing handiwork of the human body and a better understanding of how it works and how it can be better maintained by simple methods. George McDaniel is my father-in-law, and has been a registered nurse for many years, which, along with much research, has taught him many useful health principles. I pray that you are being blessed by these articles.     Editor)


“For bodily exercise profiteth little (for a little time—margin): but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is and of that which is to come.” (1 Timothy 4:8 KJV)

“For physical training profits only for a little while; but righteousness is profitable in all things, having promise of the life that now is and of that which is to come.” (1 Timothy 4:8—Lamsa translation)

Paul is not saying that physical exercise is not important. However, he is putting it in a proper perspective. The Greek civilization in which the Jewish nation existed at that time was similar in many ways to western culture today. Much importance was placed on beauty of form, and physical training and competitive sports were emphasized. This had the same unfortunate influence on Jewish society then that neo-paganism has on Christianity today.

The world in Paul’s day was also much different from the world we live in now, especially in the highly industrialized, electronic western nations that I am familiar with. In Paul’s day, if one wanted to go somewhere, he walked. Paul probably walked several thousand miles every year. In order to provide for the basic needs of food, shelter and clothing, one worked hard physically. In our modern world this is not true and we suffer physically and spiritually because of it. Paul didn’t have to be concerned about including regular daily exercise into his program. It just happened as a normal part of his life. With most of us it is different. We have to schedule time for exercise in our list of things that need to be done. Many people will say they don’t have time in their busy life to exercise regularly, but everyone finds time to do what seems important to them. We just have to realize that regular exercise is as important as eating and sleeping. Exercising on a regular basis requires discipline. It is hard work and can become boring, but it doesn’t have to be. It just involves breaking old habits and establishing new ones.

Youth is the best time for one to begin a program of regular exercise. It is particularly hard for one who is young and in good health and full of energy to get involved in regular exercise. It doesn’t seem important to a young person. But youth is just the time when one will reap the most benefits of exercise. If one starts life physically fit and remains fit, he can avoid the physical problems that otherwise occur when he gets older.

Exercise is even more important to an older person, especially when the energy level begins to dwindle and one gets out of breath climbing a flight of stairs or even just walking across a room. Exercise now becomes treatment; and to restore the heart and lungs to a high level of performance one must deliberately energize them with activity. No one is too old or too out of shape to benefit from regular exercise. It may not be possible for someone in their 70s or 80s to completely regain their youthful strength and flexibility, but even these can obtain benefits in increased strength.

As an example of what regular, vigorous exercise can do for a person, consider Hulda Crooks. She describes herself in her teen years as being nervous, anemic and perpetually tired. She was also overweight. In her 40s she had a serious bout with pneumonia and, following the advice of her physician husband, she began hiking to help in her recovery.

In 1962, at the age of 66, she first climbed meeting Whitney, which is 14,495 feet in elevation. The trail to the top is about 11 miles long. She continued to climb meeting Whitney almost yearly; 23 times during the ensuing years, the last time was at age 91. In addition to this, she climbed 86 different California mountains, each over 5,000 feet, between 1977 and 1983. When she was 72, she started jogging and running because she said it made climbing much easier. She held eight world records for women over the age of 80, including senior Olympic events in marathon and road races. She died in 1977 at the age of 101.

A good, nutritious, live food diet, faithfully followed, cannot in and of itself create good health. Strangely though, one who eats a diet of meat and processed foods and who exercises vigorously every day, and gets enough rest and sleep to compensate for such activity, can be fairly healthy. I observed this years ago while living in rural west Tennessee. The older generation, who worked hard all their lives on the farm, were living in fairly good health into their 80s and 90s. The traditional diet of the rural south is not conducive to health. It centers on meat, mainly pork, with biscuits and gravy, supplemented with whatever vegetables can be grown in the garden. Two of the most common are turnips and collards. These peoples’ children, eating the same diet but supplementing it with refined and highly processed foods, working in offices and factories and spending their evenings in front of the television, were succumbing to disease in their 40s and 50s. The main difference was the lack of exercise in the younger generation. Exercise was able to compensate to a great degree for the effects of a less than ideal diet.

Here are some benefits of exercise:

  • As mentioned last month, it increases the circulation of both blood and lymph, bringing more oxygen and nutrients to the cells and aiding in the removal of toxins.
  • It strengthens muscles.
  • It strengthens bones and helps prevent loss of bone minerals, thus preventing osteoporosis.
  • It increases endurance and delays the onset of fatigue.
  • It normalizes blood pressure, helping to lower high blood pressure and raise low blood pressure.
  • It lowers the resting pulse rate; the heart doesn’t have to work so hard.
  • It relaxes tense muscles and releases pent-up negative emotions, reducing anger and frustration.
  • It charges the brain and nerve cells with electrical energy. It gives better balance between the voluntary and autonomic nervous systems.
  • It sharpens mental powers and increases capacity to think.
  • It turns up the metabolic rate and thus helps achieve ideal weight.
  • It slows the aging process and keeps one younger.
  • It provides a feeling of relaxation and well-being.

The best way to obtain exercise is to combine it with useful work such as on the farm and in the garden.

There are other occupations that require hard physical work, such as construction and mining. People who engage in these types of labor have different recreational requirements than someone whose occupation is sedentary.

There are three main types of exercise which can be used by those wanting optimum health: 1) stretching—aids in flexibility and ease of movement, 2) aerobics—uses oxygen continuously for a period of time, assisting in cardiovascular fitness and endurance, and 3) weight lifting or resistance exercise. A combination of these is good. Someone who works hard physically might want to spend some of his free time with stretching and aerobic exercises. Someone whose work is sedentary would find benefit in all three. A well-balanced physical exercise program results in agility, coordination, good muscle tone, poise and a feeling of health and well-being.

There are people with certain medical conditions who should not begin an exercise program without consulting a medical doctor to supervise their activity. Some of these are obvious:

  • Recent heart attack.
  • Moderate to severe coronary heart disease that causes chest pain with minimal activity.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus with large fluctuations in blood sugar.
  • Severe irregularities of the heartbeat.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Blood vessel disease of the legs that produces pain with walking.
  • Respiratory disorder that results in difficulty breathing with light exercise.
  • An infectious disease in its acute state.

Anyone starting a program of regular exercise needs to start out slowly and gently. Many people start out sincerely but go too fast and push too hard. Then they get sore muscles and blisters, wear themselves out physically and quit after a week or so. It is much better to start out slow and easy and increase the activity gradually. It won’t be possible to avoid all soreness and tiredness, but one can avoid becoming discouraged to the point of quitting before he gets a good start.

One kind of exercise that is not recommended for a health seeker is competitive sports where the emphasis is on winning. The stress this causes counteracts much of the physical benefit of the activity, not only for the loser, but for the winner as well.

There is another kind of exercise that needs to be considered, and that is exercise of the mental faculties. If one exercises the body and neglects the mind he can’t have optimum health. Likewise, the reverse is also true. We are all familiar with the stereotypes of the person who is “all brawn and no brain”; the one with a “strong back and a weak mind.” There is also the scientific genius who is very weak physically and whose mind is unbalanced. Neither of these extremes will reach their potential physically or mentally.

Development of both mental and physical faculties strengthens the entire system to be able to avoid disease. There are several aspects of the mind that need exercise. Memory, reasoning and problem-solving are three that come to mind. There may be more. One of the best ways to develop the powers of the mind is to study the Word of God. Commit parts of it to memory. With the aid of the Spirit of God, dig deeply into the treasures concealed there. Do more than just skim the surface. As you do this, you will be rewarded with increased vigor of intellect. As you coordinate the development of body and mind, you will receive an increase in electrical activity of all cells of the body. You will then be on your way to possessing superior health.

Next time we will discuss the benefits of water.


2002 West Virginia Camp Meeting Video Tapes

We are thankful to announce that the videos from the 2002 West Virginia camp meeting are ready. We are very sorry for the delay. Due to improper settings when the videos were recorded, some of the audio from the introduction and trailer scenes do not exactly match the rest of the tapes and some of the tapes are not in stereo. However, the main messages are all intact. The suggested donation is $7.00 U. S. per tape. Please request by tape number. Audio cassettes are not ready yet, but we hope to have them soon.

Tape #




CM 2002-01

Lynnford Beachy
Ben Vela

July 2
July 3

The Everlasting Gospel
The Ink of God

CM 2002-02*

Allen Stump
Howard Williams

July 3

July 3

I Am Not Ashamed
Are We Part of the Church?

CM 2002-03

David Claytons
Lynnford Beachy

July 3
July 3

The God of the Bible
The Son of God

CM 2002-04

Malcolm McCrillis
Lynnford Beachy

July 4
July 4

Church/State Issues and the Holy Spirit
The Death of Christ

CM 2002-05*

Willis Smith

July 3


CM 2002-06*

Willis Smith

July 4

Assault on God’s Character

CM 2002-07*

Willis Smith

July 5

The Sabbath

CM 2002-08*

Willis Smith

July 6

The Choices We Make

CM 2002-09

Dennis Robertson
Bob Habenicht

July 4
July 4

One Nation Under God?
Experiences from South America

CM 2002-10*

Bob Habenicht

July 5


CM 2002-11

Lynnford Beachy

July 6

Brotherly Love

CM 2002-12*

S. T. Lewis

July 5

Encouraging Words from Revelation

CM 2002-13*

S. T. Lewis

July 6

Fulfilling the Law

CM 2002-14

David Clayton

July 4

Satan Worship

CM 2002-15

David Clayton

July 5

Sinless or Sin Less?

CM 2002-16

David Clayton

July 6

The Heart of God

CM 2002-17

Danny and Gina Campbell

July 3-5

Three-part Vegan Cooking Seminar

CM 2002-18

Various Brothers and Sisters

July 3-6

Special Musical and Song Selections

CM 2002-19

Dr. Stephen Burks

July 3-6

Collection of Eight Short Health Talks

* These tapes have a short health talk by Dr. Stephen Burks.



Two New Videos are Ready in “The Good News About God” Series

The next two messages in the “The Good News About God” series are now ready for distribution. They are entitled, “The Roots of the Trinity,” and “The Spirit of Antichrist,” both by David Clayton.

These messages, like all “The Good News About God” series, are available in NTSC and PAL formats. All the messages contained on the videos are available in audio cassette format as well. The suggested donation is $7.00 plus postage for videos, and $2.00 plus postage for cassettes.     Editor

2003 West Virginia Camp Meeting

The 2003 West Virginia camp meeting will be held June 17-21. More details will be provided as the time approaches. Start planning now to attend.

Trip to India Postponed

Our trip to India that had been scheduled for December of this year will be postponed until sometime before June of 2003. Please pray that God will bless in every aspect of this trip, including all the preparations.


To view or print this issue of Present Truth in Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) click here.

Present Truth is published monthly by Present Truth Ministries. It is sent free upon request. Duplication of these papers is not only permitted but strongly encouraged, as long as our contact information is retained. Present Truth is available online at www.presenttruth.info.

Editor: Lynnford Beachy, PO Box 315, Kansas, OK 74347, USA. Phone: (304) 633-5411, E-mail: webnewsletters@presenttruth.info.

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